Hello Folks!!!! This week, on your health diary, we unveil the mysteries behind birth control and the menstrual cycle. The gist of this blog post is to enable all of us fathom the concept of birth control as well as its pros and cons.

Well, perhaps you feel that I am crossing the line in trying to publish an article whose agenda is probably over the bar, way over what society doesn’t feel is appropriate to talk about. Come to think of it, is it not a great idea if your sister or younger cousin knows all there is to know about these methods before she plunges herself into the monstrous sadistic world which seeks to devour everything in its path at the slightest opportunity? In my opinion, I think it’s a great idea.

Menstrual Cycle???

More than two billion people have menstruation, yet much of the world is ashamed to talk about it. Perhaps this is the opportunity you have been waiting for; the chance to know a few basic things about the menstrual cycle in women. On the more, am sure ladies will also appreciate some additional information herein.

In a layman’s language, menstruation is a natural biological process that keeps the human race going. It is a basic science and definitely an integral part of what we might refer to as ‘essential knowledge.’

Menstrual Cycle is an episodic uterine bleeding in response to cyclic hormonal changes.

The purpose of menstrual cycle is to bring an ovum to maturity and renew a uterine tissue bed that will be responsible for the ova’s growth should it be fertilized. It is the process that allows for conception and implantation of a new life.

It is heartbreaking to accept the fact that many people are not quite sure what it involves. In the best cases, confusion about periods can cause embarrassment and, in the worst cases, create harmful conditions for girls and women. The menstrual cycle not only encompasses the period, but also the daily hormonal changes that can cause symptoms like headaches and cramps.


Well, I’m sure y’all have been wondering when I will get to talk about this. Here we go!!!
Women, men or couples can choose from a plethora of contraceptive methods to avoid the outcome of an unplanned pregnancy. It is important to note that that if a couple is having sex regularly and do not use a contraceptive method, about eight of every ten women will become pregnant during the next twelve months.

NB: It is important to note that only male and female condoms provide good protection against STIs/HIV. No other contraceptive method should be used for this purpose.

Quick facts about birth control methods

Hormonal contraceptive methods include oral contraceptive pills, injectable drugs and implants. They all prevent pregnancy mainly by preventing a woman’s ovaries from releasing eggs. Hormonal methods contain either one or two female sex hormones that are similar to the hormones naturally produced by a woman’s body.

Oral contraceptive pills should be taken one pill a day. They are most effective when no pills are missed. The pill is taken at the same time every day, and each new pack of pills is started without delay.

Injectable contraceptives are given by injection into a woman’s arm or buttocks once every 1, 2 or 3 months, depending on the type of injectable. Injectables are most effective when women remember to come back for re- injection on time.

Contraceptive implants are inserted under the skin of a woman’s upper arm and provide continuous, highly effective pregnancy protection for 3 to 5 years, depending on the type of implant. When this time is over, new implants can be inserted during the same visit that the old set is removed.

Emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) can help prevent pregnancy if taken within 5 days after unprotected sex. The sooner they are taken, the more effective they are. They are NOT meant to be used for ongoing contraception, in place of a regular method. It is good to note that there are numerous side effects for continued use of this method, as discussed later below in this blog post.

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Intrauterine Contraceptive Devices (IUDs or IUCDs) are small, flexible plastic devices that are inserted into the woman’s uterus. The most common IUDs contain copper, and they work by preventing sperm from reaching an egg. Depending on the type, IUDs can provide protection for 5 to 12 years.

Barrier methods are either devices (male and female condoms) that physically block sperm from reaching an egg, or chemicals (Spermicides) that kill or damage the sperm in the vagina. The effectiveness of barrier methods greatly depends on people’s ability to use them correctly every time they have sex.

Fertility awareness methods require a couple to know the fertile days of the woman’s menstrual cycle- the days when pregnancy is most likely to occur. (The time when a woman is ovulating). During these fertile days, the couple must avoid sex or use a barrier method to prevent pregnancy.

Breastfeeding provides contraceptive protection for the first six months after delivery if certain conditions are met. The approach is called the Lactational Amenorrhea Method or LAM.

Withdrawal methods involves a man withdrawing his penis during sex and releasing his ejaculate, which contains sperms, outside the woman’s vagina. For most people, withdrawal method is one of the least effective contraceptive methods.

Female and male sterilization are permanent methods of contraception. Sterilization involves a relatively simple surgical procedure that provides life- long protection against pregnancy. Sterilization is appropriate for men and women who are certain that they do not want more children.

Outercourse is a term that can be used to encompass a wide variety of sexual behaviours. It is often used to describe frottage, tribadism, or other types of sexual body rubbing that do not involve penetration. It can also include kissing, mutual masturbation (which is harmless by the way), cuddling, talking about sexual fantasies, and similar activities.

Well, I felt that the above are common issues that needed my attention and I hope the information therein will be of help to you and others.


Taking a shower, or peeing, right after sex lowers your chances of getting pregnant.
This is wrong and is not a contraception method. While bathing can wash away some of the semen on the outside of your vagina, it won’t affect the sperm inside it. These sperm swim quickly to the uterus and you could easily get pregnant.

Common Side Effects of birth Control/ Contraception use

Irregular menstrual bleeding, heavier than normal periods, spotting, acne, weight gain, ovarian cysts, mood changes/ depression, alopecia (hair loss), headaches to mention but a few.
Mild Adverse effects include spotting, breast tenderness, mood changes, low libido and dermatological (skin) problems.

Severe Adverse effects include Cardiovascular effects, Blood Hypertension, Myocardial Infarction, Stroke, to mention but a few.
Thank you for taking your time to read my work. It is my hope that you will realize that getting yourself a cup of tea or coffee during the cold is way cheaper than a pair, if not one, of diapers per day.

Kindly leave a comment on any questions you might have in the comment section of this blog, through my Dechat wall @Stevecisco or any of my social media platforms. Twitter @muchiriwakinyua, Facebook Stephen Muchiri Kinyua
Copyright_ Stephen Muchiri Kinyua_ 2020_ All Rights Reserved

Here are other articles by this author:

  1. Sex During Your Periods? Tips, Benefits and Side Effects. Click here to read.
  2. Gentlemen, Know Your Health and Simultaneously Improve your Sex Life. Click here to read.
  3. The G-Spot and Fantasy of Female Orgasms. Click here to read.


Author Stevecisco

Freelance Writer, Photographer, Author

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